BRIKC country associated risks when investing
In 2001, Jim O’Neill (. English, Jim O’Neil), economist, one of the largest commercial banks Goldman Sachs in the world, used the abbreviation BRIKC (English, BRIC.) With respect to the four countries – Brazil, Russia, India and China . Then the analyst did not know that by doing so made the most courageous macroeconomic application of all time. O’Neill suggested that in the future the state will be listed the main drivers of the global economy, given their correct demographic characteristics, the vast resources of wealth, the growth of the middle class, as well as a relatively stable fiscal and monetary policy. While the predictions come true economist. The growth index MSCI BRIC over the past 10 years, more than 8 times higher than the income from S P 500, and the total volume of GDP BRIKC countries last year jumped to 13.3 trillion dollars.
Equally good results have led many investors to include these
emerging countries in their portfolios, so that you can
would benefit from the rapid growth of the group. However, despite the
rosier long-term BRIKC countries, here lies a lot
risks in addition to the global macroeconomic pressures. Finally,
not without reason these economies called “developing”.
Investors are extremely important to deal with all the “pitfalls”
given the large contribution BRIKC countries into the world economy and their
share in emerging market assets. Since each of the four
countries is radically different from each other, understand the characteristics of risk
Each of them – a truly difficult task. When investing in the country
BRIKC should not lose sight of the inherent risks, which will be mentioned
Dragon full of lies
When it comes to emerging markets investments,
the most popular option in the minds of many investors is China.
In the end, the country has all the classic signs
emerging market. Nevertheless, to invest in the economy
Asian Dragon is not as easy as to buy a share in Germany.
The biggest problem most likely is the lack of
generally accepted accounting principles (Eng., GAAP) or
International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS). this aspect
many by surprise even the best investors. For example, the control
hedge fund billionaire Dzhon Polson (Eng., John Paulson) lost a lot of
money on Chinese forest plantations, Sino-Forest Corp. Thus, the company
He accused of falsifying books and falsification of land
possessions. Often the charges are recorded in the forgery of bank deposits and
accounts. Due to the disclosure of information and lack of transparency much
difficult to see the real picture, especially when compared with the shares
Companies in developed countries.
Things get even worse when investors have to deal with
dubious official Chinese statistics and overly regulated and
because bureaucratic communist government. Most
large companies in the country one way or another controlled by Beijing.
The endless corruption in Russia
Despite the recent accession to the World Trade Organization
(WTO), the investor may face considerable investment
risks. The largest of them is corruption and political
pressure. It has become a commonplace that bribery and organized
crime permeates legal business. according to
A study by Information Science for
Democracy Foundation, the average size of small bribes in the last 10 years
The Russian Federation has been steadily increasing. In 2001, it was
priblizitelno1817 rubles, while by 2010 had risen to
5285, which accounted for 93% of the average worker’s salary.
Investors also have to confront the local government. If
adhere to views that do not coincide with the President’s wishes
Vladimir Putin, the development of business, as well as the investment process,
It may stall. In an extreme case, the investor can threaten and imprisonment
Finally. An example is the story Mihaila Hodorkovskogo,
former chairman of the oil giant Yukos. In 2005
he was accused of bribery, but it is believed that the real reason
are political in nature.
Latin American raw king
Although corruption is not open in Brazil as serious
the problem, as in Russia, investors still face certain
risks. They create a “protectionist approach of the government.” Now
country occupies 2nd place in Latin America in the number of protectionist
measures, behind only Argentina. Here we should mention the support of the local
products, high tariffs on imported goods, tax exemptions
to support domestic producers and limit access
investors in the strategically important natural resources. For example, if
investor wants to participate in the development of oil fields, he
partnerstvovat necessary to state energy giant
Petrobras. In general, such a policy can lead to the fact that
Brazil lose part of the profit from the investment, if the government would go
further and nationalize various assets.
Asian bureaucratic nightmare
Given the high degree of power of the people in India, the investor is quite ready
encounter with some fraction bureaucracy. However, Indian
bureaucratic machine is called “the most stifling in the world.” open your
business in India is very difficult, because the local and national
government usually puts his hand to the commercial market. Similarly
Investors impossible to enforce the contract, especially
When business partners tend to make deals with undeclared
third party. According to estimates of the Hong Kong Science Center
Political and Economic Risk Consultancy, India’s bureaucratic
the system simply does not allow the country to equalize the rate of economic growth
with their opposing countries.
BRIKC country can boast of its economic growth and
provides investors with new opportunities to replenish the portfolio
valuable papers. However, investors still await a lot of risks.
Understanding all the “pitfalls” is the key to success in
conditions as rapidly developing economies of giants.
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